Matam is a stark, flat, arid place bounded on the north by the Sénégal River and the south by the Sahelian plain studded with baobab trees.
Matam region has become a result the administrative division of 2008. Region in north- eastern Senegal, it is the second largest region of Senegal with 29,424 Km2 . Matam includes 541,032 Senegalese with a density of 18 inhabitants per km2 . The region borders with the Islamic Republic of Mauritania to the north and east . St. Louis, Louga, Kaffrine and Tambacounda are the regions that share a boundary with Matam . Still in the immergence , the region still lacks administrative infrastructures that allow it to display its region status. The economy remains closely tied to the small and medium enterprises and small and medium industries. The company's operating phostate
Oumar Mamadou Baldé is from January 2015 to the orders of the Matam Regional Executive. Senior civil servant by profession, he was replaced in this post Governor Sheikh Niane . Before reaching this consecration, the one that now is called governor is first passed to the prefecture of Thies. A department where he had to deal with several hot issues including the construction of the Dangote cements plant. It is also behind the decision of the continuing work of the cement plant after several months of suspension. Oumar Mamadou Baldé has also been granted the honorary citizenship of Thies by the municipal council of the commune.