Newly established region by Decree No. 008 of 2 February 2008, Sédhiou is at the center of Casamance. The region is chiselled by the Casamance River and a river. River branches that pose the problem of opening up the difficult access area. Sédhiou is one of the wettest regions of Senegal with 5 -month rainy season. The composition of the environment that the region is conducive to rice production, an asset given the objectives pursued by the government for rice self-sufficiency . Sédhiou also benefits economic, social and cultural dynamics . The region borders with Gambia and Guinea Bissau . It borders in the region of Ziguinchor in the west and the Kolda region in the east. The poverty threshold is high. Sédhiou also suffers from a serious lack of basic infrastructure .